…the origins of wine-making in Greece goes back 6,500 years and evidence suggesting wine production confirm that Greece is home to the second oldest known grape wine remnants discovered in the world and the world’s earliest evidence of crushed grapes. As Greek civilization spread through the Mediterranean, wine culture followed. The Ancient Greeks introduced vines such as Vitis vinifera and made wine in their numerous colonies in Italy, Sicily, southern France and Spain.
The Ancient Greeks introduced vines such as Vitis vinifera and made wine in their nu In 1937, a Wine Institute was established by the Ministry of Agriculture. During the 1960s, retsina suddenly became the national beverage. With rapidly growing tourism, retsina became associated worldwide with Greece and Greek wine. Greece’s first Cabernet Sauvignon vineyard was planted in 1963. In 1971 and 1972, legislation established appellation laws.
…the custom of decorating the Christmas tree was introduced to Greeks during the rule of King Otto in 1833 when a tree at the Royal Palace was decorated for the populace to admire. It took as the post-WWII period however until Greeks began to imitate this custom on a widespread level.
The tree’s traditional predecessor was the “Christ branch”, a very thick, sturdy log – usually from a pear, wild cherry or a thorny tree (thorny trees were favoured because their spikes were thought to keep demons away), or even pine or olive as more commonly used in northern Greek villages. The selected log would be placed in the fireplace and with all the family gathered around, lit on Christmas Eve. The aim was to let it burn until Epiphany Day (January 6th). There were two reasons for this custom: one was that it was a symbol of providing warmth and light to baby Christ and his mother the Virgin Mary in the cold, dark cave where he was born; the second was that the fire would keep the naughty, wicked kalikantzaroi out of the house. After the log had disappeared into ashes the woman of the house would traditionally gather them and spread them all around the outside of the house and on any farmland they owned to protect the family and their home from evil.
…the best golf course in Greece is in Costa Navarino?
Costa Navarino offers a complete luxurious experience on every aspect. Apart from the comfortable suites and the delicious Mediterranean flavours, Costa Navarino also offers its guests a variety of choices for them to entertain themselves, among which is also a world-class golf experience on the first two signature golf courses in Greece. The golf course is designed by the best on the field and is part of an amazing natural scenery that consists of mountains, rivers and the historic Bay of Navarino. The golf package includes the whole equipment from golf clubs to shoes for everyone to enjoy.
…Greek microbreweries have seen their numbers rise to around 45 from just six in 2009, and that’s with three of those six having closed since then? Indeed, a breweries country map indicates that almost every region in Greece is producing its own beer: from the Siris MicroBrewery of Serres and Northern Greece, which makes the Voreia range, and the Cretan Brewery with its Charma beers to Corfu Beer and the Ikariaki Brewery on the island of Icaria!
Pilsner, Lager, Weiss, IPA, Red Ale, Dark, Double fermentation, Golden Ale are some of the kinds produced in Greece so offers its guests a variety of choices for them to entertain.
… fasolada is the Greek traditional food and not gyros? Fasolada is a bean soup with carrots and celery. We used to eat fasolada with feta cheese, olives and smoked fishes.
….Zeus released two eagles, one to the East and one to the West and they met at Delphi, making them the center of the world.
At the Navel of the Earth, as Delphi is called, the most important oracle of the ancient Greek world was located, and its reputation exceeded the borders of Greece, even during the ancient years, which is proved by the findings of the diggings that showed oblations from Syria and Armenia.
The oracle of Delphi was dedicated to God Apollo and Pythia, the High-Priestess, was the medium to deliver to the interested people the prophecy.
Delphi, as it was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, gathers a large number of Greek and foreign visitors all year long.
…Greece has many islands, with estimates ranging from somewhere around 1,200 to 6,000, depending on the minimum size to take into account. The number of inhabited islands is variously cited as between 166 and 227.
The largest Greek island by area is Crete, located at the southern edge of the Aegean Sea. The second largest island is Euboea, which is separated from the mainland by the 60m-wide Euripus Strait, and is administered as part of the Central Greece region. After the third and fourth largest Greek Islands, Lesbos and Rhodes, the rest of the islands are two-thirds of the area of Rhodes, or smaller.
The Greek islands are traditionally grouped into the following clusters: the Argo-Saronic Islands in the Saronic gulf near Athens; the Cyclades, a large but dense collection occupying the central part of the Aegean Sea; the North Aegean islands, a loose grouping off the west coast of Turkey; the Dodecanese, another loose collection in the southeast between Crete and Turkey; the Sporades, a small tight group off the coast of Euboea; and the Ionian Islands, chiefly located to the west of the mainland in the Ionian Sea. Crete with its surrounding islets and Euboea are traditionally excluded from this grouping.
This article excludes the Peloponnese, which has technically been an island since the construction of the Corinth Canal in 1893, but is rarely considered to be an island.
…as with many other monuments and sanctuaries around Greece, historical facts about the Temple of Poseidon in Sounio are intertwined with bits of legend. For example, it is thought to be the spot where Athenian King Aegeus killed himself by jumping off the cliff. Aegeus, who had positioned himself at Sounion to look out for the return of his son Theseus from Crete, saw the black sails on the ship and mistakenly thought Theseus had been killed by the Minotaur, a creature with the head of a bull and the body of a man. In fact, young Theseus was victorious but had forgotten to replace the black sails on his ship with white ones upon returning, which ultimately led to his father’s death. And so, in commemoration, Aegeus’ name was given to the Aegean Sea. And in the Odyssey, Homer wrote that Sounion was the place where King Menelaus of Sparta buried his helmsman, who died at his post while rounding the cape.
…τhe Eleusinian Mysteries were initiations held every year for the cult of Demeter and Persephone based at the Panhellenic Sanctuary of Eleusis in ancient Greece. They are the “most famous of the secret religious rites of ancient Greece”.Their basis was an old agrarian cult, and there is some evidence that they were derived from the religious practices of the Mycenaean period The mysteries represented the myth of the abduction of Persephone from her mother Demeter by the king of the underworld Hades, in a cycle with three phases: the descent (loss), the search, and the ascent, with the main theme being the ascent (άνοδος) of Persephone and the reunion with her mother. It was a major festival during the Hellenic era, and later spread to Rome.Similar religious rites appear in the agricultural societies of Near East and in Minoan Crete.
The rites, ceremonies, and beliefs were kept secret and consistently preserved from antiquity. For the initiated, the rebirth of Persephone symbolized the eternity of life which flows from generation to generation, and they believed that they would have a reward in the afterlife. There are many paintings and pieces of pottery that depict various aspects of the Mysteries. Since the Mysteries involved visions and conjuring of an afterlife, some scholars believe that the power and longevity of the Eleusinian Mysteries, a consistent set of rites, ceremonies and experiences that spanned two millennia, came from psychedelic drugs. The name of the town, Eleusís, seems to be Pre-Greek and it is probably a counterpart with Elysium and the goddess Eileithyia.
….the Peripatetic school was a school of philosophy in Ancient Greece. Its teachings derived from its founder, Aristotle (384–322 BC), and peripatetic is an adjective ascribed to his followers.
The school dates from around 335 BC when Aristotle began teaching in the Lycaeum. It was an informal institution whose members conducted philosophical and scientific inquiries. After the middle of the 3rd century BC, the school fell into a decline, and it was not until the Roman era that there was a revival. Later members of the school concentrated on preserving and commenting on Aristotle’s works rather than extending them; it died out in the 3rd century.
The study of Aristotle’s works continued by scholars who were called Peripatetics through Late Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the works of the Peripatetic school were lost to the Latin West, but they were preserved in Byzantium and also incorporated into early Islamic philosophy. Western Europe recovered Aristotelianism from Byzantium and from Islamic sources in the Middle Ages.
…….the famous Triangle of Ancient Greece is another big mystery regarding our ancestors, as the positioning of their temples forms imaginative geometric formations that defy reasonable interpretations. Why did the Ancient Greeks build their places of worship in such a way as to create equilateral and isosceles triangles on the map? What did this perfect triangle mean to them? And how could they possibly calculate with such precision when the distances were so great and with the sea interfering with them?
A perfect isosceles triangle is formed by the Temple of Hephaestus in Thiseio of Athens, the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion and the Temple of Athena Aphaia in Aegina. Another perfect isosceles triangle is formed by the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, the Temple of Athena Parthenos (the Parthenon) in Athens and the Temple of Athena Aphaia once again in Aegina. Both Aristotle and Strabo admit that the place of the establishment of the sanctuaries was not coincidental but instead followed an internal regulation with its own esoteric methodology, though both appear hesitant to reveal the details of this divine analogy. One theory is that the sites reflect the movements of celestial bodies such as the sun, moon or planets and stars in relation to the Earth’s surface. In other words, the holy places of Ancient Greeks were built in a position to align the inhabited parts of the Earth with the planets in the sky.
The harmonious relationship of temples, oracles, tombs, and sanctuaries reaches us today only as a picture, a picture of colossal conception which causes us a thrill. However, the well-kept secret stubbornly refuses to reveal itself. What do you think? What secrets lie behind the sacred triangles?